Diabetes mellitus type II is a common condition that is categorised under metabolic disease. It is clinically defined as the prolonged state of hyperglycaemia accompanied by the disturbance in carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism. As a result of the prolonged hyperglycaemia, there will eventually be defects in insulin regulation and secretion.
In diabetes type II the body can still produce insulin; however the problem lies with its usage and action. As of the moment, there is no cure for diabetes but the symptoms could be managed and the condition could be prevented.
Diabetes mellitus type II is the most common form of diabetes, where almost 90% of the cases reported are type II. Due to the obesity epidemic and the lifestyle of people nowadays, more and more younger people are having diabetes type II.
It commonly occurs in adults who are over 35 years old, and the risk increases as people grow older. But according to the World Health Organisation, the condition could already affect young adults starting from 18 years of age. Men and women are equally at risk of having diabetes.
According to the National Diabetes Services Scheme’s database in 2012, around 848,000 Australians have diabetes type II. There had been an increasing number of people with diabetes compared to the previous years. Health experts are now referring to the condition as a “lifestyle disease,” since commonly occurs to those who have sedentary lifestyle and those who are obese.
The hyperglycaemia in diabetes type II is caused by the ineffective use of insulin in the body. Many physicians explain that insulin resistance in diabetes is primarily caused by physical inactivity, high fat, high carbohydrate diet, and excess body weight.
Obesity is the most important extrinsic factor causing insulin resistance. Studies show that the higher the amount of body fat in the visceral areas, the higher the degree of insulin resistance occurs. This is because fat cells are naturally resistant to the effects of insulin. A high carbohydrate diet in itself induces hyperglycaemia and could also alter insulin action in the long run.
Diabetes type II takes a long course before it results to a full blown diabetic state. The condition takes approximately 3 – 5 years to develop before the signs and symptoms would manifest. Genetic factors also predispose a person to have diabetes. Those who have a family history of diabetes have a higher risk of acquiring the disease but bad lifestyle habits are the major concern.
Signs and symptoms
Diabetes type II could either present with or without symptoms depending on the severity of the disease. By the time complications of diabetes have already set in, more symptoms would also manifest. The signs and symptoms of diabetes type II include:
Excessive thirst (polydipsia)
Passing more urine (polyuria)
Always feeling hungry (polyphagia)
Mood swings and headaches
Blurring of vision
Presence of skin infections
Poor wound healing
The diagnosis of diabetes type II is based on clinical signs and symptoms plus the laboratory results. Blood tests are essential for the diagnosis of the condition; the most common test is a fasting blood glucose test. A glucose tolerance test is also performed to diagnose the presence of the diabetes.
There is no cure for diabetes type II, but while certain lifestyle changes are key to managing diabetes, whether you can actually turn back time so that it’s like you never had diabetes is a different matter. That depends on how long you’ve had the condition, how severe it is, and your genes. The symptoms could be managed by lifestyle modification and medications. Doctors would first advise lifestyle modification before prescribing medications. A healthy diet can effectively correct the hyperglycaemia and reverse the acquired insulin resistance. Medications can help manage the condition but should be taken with guidance and proper diet.
Low carbohydrate – High protein diet for the management of diabetes type II
Sweets and carbohydrates are obviously harmful for people with diabetes II because it would only worsen the condition. The diet should focus on protein and other healthy food options. Protein is strongly advised because it curbs insulin release in the body. When protein is absorbed by the body, it stimulates the production of glucagon, a hormone which opposes insulin.
Another benefit of eating protein regularly is that controls your appetite and promotes weight loss. Remember that fat cells are naturally resistant to the effects of insulin that is why it is also important to lose weight for the management of diabetes.
Several studies show that the combination of a high protein – low carbohydrate diet could significantly improve the condition. This kind of diet promotes weight loss, regulates blood glucose levels, and promotes insulin usage. Even without medications, following a healthy diet reduces hyperglycemia and the effect could be seen after a few weeks. The Nutrition & Weight Loss Company protocol is a highly recommended diet because of its low carbohydrate – high protein composition.
The condition has a good prognosis with early diagnosis and prompt treatment. But if it is left untreated, complications could set it making it more difficult to manage.
Simple lifestyle modification can prevent diabetes and delay the disease progression. With a healthy diet and proper guidance, around 60% of diabetes type II could be prevented. Prevention of diabetes type II is focused on a healthy diet, maintenance of a healthy weight, and physical activity.
You can contact us to find out more about the management and prevention of diabetes type II. Our protocol is a Low Carb and Adequate Protein has been proven to be beneficial for assisting Type 2 Diabetes
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- (2013) How common is diabetes? Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Retrieved on 16 May 2015 from http://www.aihw.gov.au/how-common-is-diabetes/.
- Gannon, M., Nuttall, F. (2004) Effect of a High-Protein, Low-Carbohydrate Diet on Blood Glucose Control in People with Type 2 Diabetes. American Diabetes Association, 53(9): 2375-2382.
- No Author. (2013) What is type 2 diabetes? Diabetes Australia. Retrieved on 16 May 2015 from http://www.diabetesvic.org.au/type-2-diabetes.
- No Author. (2013) Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Australia. Retrieved on 17 May 2015 from http://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/Understanding-Diabetes/What-is-Diabetes/Type-2-Diabetes/.
- (2015) Diabetes Fact Sheet: World Health Organization. Retrieved on 17 May 2015 from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/.