Metabolic syndrome (syndrome X) is a complex condition which increases the risk of having diabetes and other heart conditions. It is increasingly common in many countries approximately 35% of the Australian population suffer from this condition. The increase in disease prevalence was noted to be due to sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy eating behaviours, and obesity.
The term “metabolic” was used because the condition itself alters normal metabolic processes in the body including insulin usage. The syndrome involves a vicious cycle of insulin resistance, obesity, and metabolic derangement. But just like other disease, the metabolic syndrome is treatable and could be managed with lifestyle change, behaviour modification, and healthy eating habits.