Insulin resistance is clinically defined as the inability of the body to utilize insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas which regulates energy utilization. After eating, the pancreas is stimulated to release the hormone insulin. The insulin receptors which are found on every cell should normally respond to the hormone. With insulin resistance, there is unhealthy regulation of glucose, protein, and fat in the body. This condition commonly occurs in people with abdominal obesity, faulty lipid levels, and other factors associated with metabolic syndrome.
Insulin resistance is a condition which affects the general population. It is also observed to commonly occur with glucose intolerance and metabolic syndrome. There are noticeable discrepancies about the diagnostic criteria for insulin resistance. That is why it is difficult to measure the prevalence and epidemiology of the disease.
Causes and how it affects the body
Insulin resistance is a condition which occurs when a person is obese or overweight and is the contributing factor to weight gain and your inability to lose weight.. Body fat especially in the area of the abdomen makes the body resistant to the effects of insulin. As a result, the level of carbohydrate in the blood remains to be high despite of the presence of insulin. The body then is forced to release more insulin; this becomes a vicious cycle which makes the tissues more resistant to the hormone insulin. Other causes of high blood insulin and insulin resistance could be due to other medical condition like pancreatic tumor. Surprisingly, you don’t have to be overweight for your cells to be insulin-resistant. Even if your weight is perfectly normal, you can still suffer from its effects. Metabolism dysfunction doesn’t develop overnight and could be caused by one or more triggers including: aging and menopause, genetics, belly/visceral fat, medications, and nutritional deficiencies.
Other studies also show that inflammation could also lead to the development of insulin resistance. Inflammatory mediators especially cytokines act directly to insulin receptors rendering them resistant to the effects of insulin.
Other possible risk factors, triggers, and exacerbating factors:
SOFI (If your skinny on the outside and fat on the inside)
Family predisposition to insulin resistance or diabetes
High carbohydrate diet
High fat diet
Polycystic ovarian syndrome
Elevated levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol
Signs and symptoms
In general, the symptoms of insulin resistance are similar to hypoglycemia symptoms like the following:
Abdominal obesity or weight gain specifically around the middle area
Muscle to fat ratio is out of balanced, which means you have a broken body
Depression or lethargy
Excessive thirst or hunger
Dizziness or difficulty in concentrating
Inability to lose weight even with the use of different weight loss programs
Different laboratory tests are used for the diagnosis of insulin resistance. However, final diagnosis is based on the signs and symptoms supported by laboratory results from:
Blood Glucose Test
Tests of Blood Insulin Levels
Lipid Profile test
Measurement of blood electrolytes and uric acid
A quick generalization is if you have had a BMI over 30 for 12 months or more you are a high candidate for Insulin Resistance.
The attending physician could also request for tests to determine the presence of other comorbid conditions such as:
Pre-diabetes and Type II Diabetes
PCOS – Polycystic ovary syndrome
Dietary modification and weight reduction are the mainstay treatment for insulin resistance because these are known to significantly improves one’s quality of life. It is important for patients to understand that diet modification and weight reduction are the most effective management that could last for a longer duration.
Restriction of carbohydrate intake is highly recommended. Patients are advised to follow a low carbohydrate diet for best results. The comorbid conditions could be managed by medications and other treatment options.
Low carbohydrate diet for the management of insulin resistance.
Most people have the wrong notion that they should eat a lot of carbs and sugars in order to use all of the insulin but insulin resistance is a different thing. Doctors and nutritionists say that reducing carbohydrates and eating protein regularly is sufficient enough to treat the condition.
Too much sweets and carbs are obviously harmful for the condition and should be avoided. Protein in the other hand curbs insulin release in the body. When protein is absorbed by the body, it stimulates the production of glucagon, a hormone which opposes insulin. Another benefit of eating protein regularly is that controls your appetite and promotes weight loss. This causes significant improvement to the condition and corrects the insulin resistance. Our revolutionary health protocol at the Nutrition & Weight Loss Company can assist insulin resistance because of its low-carb and adequate -protein composition.
Patients who had early detection and management generally have a good prognosis. Aggressive treatment and management are highly recommended for people with comorbid conditions. If the condition is left untreated, it could lead to the development of metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and other heart conditions.
Avoiding fatty and sugary foods could help in the prevention of insulin resistance. Maintaining a healthy weight is also a great measure that can prevent the condition. Do your best to keep your weight, waist circumference, and body mass index within normal range. Physical activity is likewise important but the primary prevention of insulin resistance would greatly depend on the diet. In order to avoid weight gain, diabetes, and other medical problems (like heart disease), especially as you age, you need to eat whole foods and exercise to minimise the effects of insulin resistance.
You may feel a lot better about your weight struggles now you know that being overweight is not just because you ate too much or are lazy. Body weight and weight regulation are highly complex and influenced by many different genes as well as your environment. You may have been born with factors out of your control, but you can put that control back in your capable hands.
You can contact us for more details about the management and assisting in the prevention of insulin resistance. We have skilled experts that can help you manage the condition.
If you are ready to get started…
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